Identifying Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are small, brown insects appearing red after feeding, flatly shaped approximately under ¼ of an inch, nearly the size of an apple seed. These insects feed on human blood and other warm blooded mammals. It is important to note that bed bugs do not have wings but are capable of moving swiftly across surfaces.
Immature bed bugs or nymphs are almost colorless, closer to a white –yellowish coloring as they mature. Similarly, to adults they also appear red after feeding. Although they resemble adult bed bugs, they are smaller and about the size of a pin head. The eggs are small, ranging from 1- 2 mm, appearing to have a whitish coloring and are usually found in small groups of 1-5 eggs typically along edges of mattresses. Cast skins or empty shells of bugs can also be found from their transition from nymph to adult.
Detecting an infestation:
The result of bed bugs is not from poor house cleaning. They are a result from other infested areas or from used furniture. Bed bugs travel between rooms and are commonly found in apartment complexes, hotels, and other highly dense occupant areas.
To determine if you have an infestation, inspection should begin in the bedrooms. In particularly, this means examining mattresses, box springs, bed frames or any other relative areas. Although bed bugs are most commonly found in areas that you sleep they can be found anywhere people gather. If you travel, checking luggage is also important and observing where you keep it stored too.
Bed bug infestation provides the physical evidence of dark red stains or smears left on mattresses and in nearby areas. The staining is composed of digested blood from feeding. It is also important to note, that bed bugs can survive a year without feeding. Excrement can leave dark residue and bleed on the fabric the way a marker would. In more severe cases, the accumulation of bugs, cast skins and fecal spots will be evident upon close inspection. It is best advised that if a bed bug is found, discontinue inspection alone because once disturbed they will move from their original hiding places to find new ones.
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